Centro García Lorca

1898 - 1918

Federico García Lorca was born on 5 JUNE in Fuente Vaqueros, a village in the Vega (flood plain of the river Genil) to the west of the city of Granada.

A brother, Luis, was born in 1900 but died of pneumonia in 1902, the year when Lorca’s brother Francisco was born. His sister, María de la Concepción (known as Concha), was born in 1903. Between the end of 1906 and early 1907 the family moved to the neighbouring village of Asquerosa (now Valderrubio). Lorca started primary school. From 1908 to 1909 he lived in Almería with his former teacher Antonio Rodríguez Espinosa, where he began secondary studies, although he returned to his family before the end of the school year because of illness.

Lorca resumed his secondary studies at the Sagrado Corazón de Jesús school in Granada, and studied music with Antonio Segura. The family spent their summers in Malaga, where Lorca met Emilio Prados and Manuel Altolaguirre. He also became friends with the painter Manuel Ángeles Ortiz.

Lorca began to study law and humanities at the University of Granada. His tutors included Martín Domínguez Berrueta (theory of literature and the arts) and Fernando de los Ríos (comparative political law). Fernando de los Ríos would later become a minister during Spain’s Second Republic, and his daughter Laura married Francisco, Lorca’s brother, in 1942, during the years of exile in New York. Lorca joined the literary circle known as the “Rinconcillo” at the Café Alameda in Granada. The group’s other members included José Mora Guarnido, Constantino Ruiz Carnero, Francisco Soriano, Melchor Fernández Almagro, Antonio Gallego Burín, Miguel Pizarro, José and Manuel Fernández Montesinos, Hermenegildo Lanz, Ángel Barrios, and Ismael González de la Serna. At these gatherings the group invented a fictitious poet, Isidoro Capdepón Fernández, whose supposed texts have been attributed to Lorca. Lorca’s first drawings also date from this period.

Lorca wrote the autobiographical prose piece Mi pueblo (My Village). His music professor, Antonio Segura, died and Lorca abandoned his musical studies. In June, on a school trip led by Martín Domínguez Berrueta, he went to Baeza (where he met Antonio Machado), Úbeda, Córdoba and Ronda. The García Lorca family moved to No. 34 on Granada’s central Gran Vía. From 15 October to 8 November, a second school trip with Domínguez Berrueta took Lorca to El Escorial, Ávila, Medina del Campo, Salamanca (where he met Miguel de Unamuno), Santiago de Compostela, La Coruña, Lugo, León, Burgos, Segovia and Madrid. In some of these cities Lorca gave public piano recitals.

Another family move, this time to No. 31 Acera del Casino in Granada, near the river Genil. For the centennial celebrations of Zorrilla, Lorca published the prose piece Fantasía simbólica (Symbolic Fantasy) in the Boletín del Centro Artístico y Literario de Granada. In JUNE he travelled to Baeza once again with Domínguez Berrueta. On 29 June he wrote his first poem, Canción (Ensueño y confusión) (Song: Daydream and Confusion). Another school trip to Madrid, Burgos and Palencia. He reported on these travels in various pieces of writing, some of which were published that summer in the Diario de Burgos. They would later form the basis of a book, Impresiones y paisajes (Impressions and Landscapes). He fell in love with María Luisa Egea.

In MARCH a reading of Impressions and Landscapes at the Granada Art and Literature Centre, one month before its publication in book form. Many poems from his future Libro de poemas (Book of Poems) can be traced to this period. Friendship and correspondence with Adriano del Valle. Together with Ángel Barrios, Miguel Pizarro and Manuel Ángeles Ortiz, Lorca staged a play that they titled La historia del Tesoro (The History of the Treasure). A lifelong friendship with Emilia Llanos developed. His first poem was published in the magazine Renovación, although no copies have survived.